Hazelnut which is a very important nutritional value in a well-balanced diet has several important health benefits in protecting against diseases. Having a special combination of oil (especially oleic acid-rich oil structure), proteins, carbohydrate, beta-sitosterol, essential vitamins, and minerals, giving hazelnut a special place among other nuts for its unique ability to protect against diseases. It is known that consuming only 25-30 gr of hazelnuts a day, is enough for daily vitamin E needs and a very good way of protecting against heart-vein diseases and cancer.
Hazelnut and hazelnut oil is the best-known source for vitamin E which is essential for the healthy heart muscles and other muscles of the body as well. It is also necessary for the normal functioning of the reproduction system. Vitamin E prevents the disintegration of red blood cells, thus it serves as a protection against deficiency of blood which is called anemia. Another benefit of vitamin E which is found in hazelnut is to prevent the factors which prepare the basis for cancer disease. If cancer is already formed in the body, then it fights to defuse the harmful cells. Beta-sitosterol, which is found amply in hazelnut, is an important means of decreasing cholesterol and preventing cancer (breast cancer and prostate cancer).
Thus, consuming 25 gr. Hazelnut a day protects the body both for heart disease and cancer.
Hazelnut is rich in oil. Indeed 60-70 % of hazelnut consists of oil. This structure provides not only energy to organisms but also protection of body temperature, protection against outer factors and helps to the movement of vitamins which melt in the oil. In the combination of hazelnut oil, there are some oil acids which carry out important duties for organisms. For instance; oleic acid which is found in hazelnut oil prevents the rise of cholesterol in the blood, decreases cholesterol by 26,2%, arranges the blood sugar, increases the protective Apapratein A-1 for health-vein diseases by 25%, and decreases risky Apapratein B by %7,5.
Another beneficial acid in hazelnut oil is Linoleic Acid which can be found heavily in hazelnut oil. Linoleic Acid plays a very important role in the growth and healthy development of organisms.
Vitamin Components of Hazelnut
Hazelnut is a good source for B1, B2, and B6 vitamins. These vitamins are essential in blood formation and mental health, especially for those of children in the development age.
The following vitamins can be found in substantial amounts in hazelnut:
– Calcium which is essential for healthy bones and teeth;
– Iron, which has blood production function;
– Zinc, which has an important role in the development of sexual hormones;
– Potassium, which is necessary for the stimulation of the nervous system and the proper functioning of the muscle system.